What is autism?

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By vexwift.com

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological and developmental disorder that affects the way people interact with others, communicate, learn, and behave. Autism can occur at any age, but its effects usually appear in the first 2 years of life.

People with ASD often find it difficult to communicate with other people. It is difficult for such people to lead a normal daily life and manage affairs.

Autism is known as a “spectrum” disorder because people vary widely in the type and severity of symptoms.

ASD can affect people equally regardless of race, gender, or economic status.

Signs and symptoms of ASD

The list below represents common types of behaviors in people diagnosed with ASD.

1) Making less or inconsistent eye contact

2) Not responding or being slow to respond to someone’s name or other verbal bids for attention

3) Often talking about a favorite topic without noticing that others are not interested or giving others a chance to respond.

4) Showing facial expressions, movements, and gestures that do not match what is being said

5) An unusual tone of voice that may sound singsong or flat and robotic.

6) Having difficulty understanding another person’s point of view or being unable to predict or understand other people’s actions.

7) Difficulties in making friends and sharing

8) Repeating certain behaviors or having unusual behaviors, such as repeating words or phrases.

9) Having a lasting deep interest in specific topics, such as numbers, details, or facts

10) Being anxious about changes and having difficulty with changes

11) Being more or less sensitive than other people to sensory input, such as light, sound, clothing, or temperature.

12) People with ASD may also experience sleep problems and irritability.

People with autism can also have many strengths, such as the ability to learn things in detail and remember information for long periods, excelling in math, science, music, or art.

Causes and associated factors

Researchers do not know the causes of ASD. However, experts mention some possible causes, such as having older parents and having certain genetic problems.

Diagnosis and treatment.

Healthcare providers diagnose ASD by evaluating a person’s behavior and development. ASD can usually be reliably diagnosed by age 2. It is important to get a diagnosis as soon as possible. The sooner ASD is diagnosed, the sooner treatment and services can begin.

Although there is no permanent cure for this problem, we can prevent its development with various measures and reduce the impact it has on the mind.

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